A comprehensive metabolic panel is a group of tests that are carried out to determine the level of glucose in your blood, your electrolyte and fluid balance as well as your liver and kidney function. Glucose is the sugar that your body uses for energy purposes. Electrolytes maintain the balance of your bodily fluids and they also maintain your normal body functions such as heart rhythm, contraction of muscles as well as your brain function. Your kidneys maintain a good balance of the minerals, water and salts found in the blood. Additionally, they filter waste and other unwanted substances from your blood.
The liver aids in the digestion process and also produces vitamins that are required by the body. Moreover, it regulates the amount of protein and glucose in the blood while producing substances that keep the immune system healthy. Doctors order a comprehensive metabolic panel during regular examinations. It may be used to check for medical conditions like high blood pressure or in diagnosing other medical conditions like diabetes. The tests measure for levels of potassium, liver enzymes and chloride, among other things in the blood.
A blood glucose test is usually done to determine your blood sugar levels and it is a vital diagnostic factor in case of diabetes and high blood pressure. Metabolic panel normal values for blood glucose are between 64 to 128 mg/deciliter. A higher level could signify diabetes mellitus.
Albumin test is the first test conducted to check the levels of protein in your body. The normal values are 3.9-5.0 g/ deciliter. Low proteins show liver and heart disease while higher levels point to blood diseases.Total protein test is a second protein test that is done to establish the total number of proteins in your blood serum. The normal range for this test is 6.3-7.9 g/ deciliter.
A calcium test is done to establish the amount of calcium present in your blood and it is usually used to diagnose conditions such as calcium deficiency and hypercalcemia. If any of them is found, further treatment is necessary to treat them. The expected levels are 8.5-10.9 mg/ deciliter. High calcium levels lead to cell death and cardiac rhythm changes while low levels lead to severe neural disorders that may affect blood clotting.
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Electrolyte levels are measured with a set of 4 tests used to establish the concentration of vital electrolytes in the body. These tests are done to check for carbon dioxide, chloride, sodium and potassium. The normal electrolyte levels are; potassium- 3.7-5.2 mEq/L, sodium- 136-144 mEq/L, chloride- 96-106 millimole /L and carbon dioxide- 20-29 millimole /L. Changes in electrolyte levels can cause problems in the skeletal and cardiovascular systems.
Blood urea nitrogen test is performed to check the urea in your blood and also to check kidney function. Urea is a waste product usually removed from the body by kidneys. Normal levels for this test are 7-20 mg/ deciliter. High levels of urea could point to kidney failure while low levels stem from alcohol abuse.
Creatinine test determines kidney function. Creatinine, a waste product, is filtered by your kidneys out of the blood. Normal levels are 0.8-1.4 mg/ deciliter. High levels show reduced kidney function. Alkaline phosphatase test is one of four tests that check the liver function. Metabolic panel normal values are between 44 and 147 IU/L. Higher levels show bile duct blockage and liver problems. Alanine Amino Transferase Test is another indicator of liver function. The normal levels are between 8 and 37 IU/L. Higher levels point to liver damage and possibly heart failure.
Aspartate Amino Transferase test determines liver function and normal levels are 10 to 34 IU/L. High levels point to acute liver diseases. Bilirubin indicates several liver problems such as jaundice. Normal levels are 0.2- 1.9 mg/ deciliter.
In preparation for a comprehensive metabolic panel, people are required not to eat for at least eight hours before taking the test. Abnormal metabolic panel results could point to a number of different conditions but further tests are required to determine the exact cause.
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Basic metabolic panel refers to a number of blood tests that are meant to give information about your metabolism. The test is performed to assess your blood acid/base balance, kidney function, electrolyte balance and blood sugar levels. Depending on the lab that you go to, the basic metabolic panel can also check for levels of protein and calcium. Here is a list of tests performed and their normal metabolic panel results.
Blood Urea Nitrogen test- 7-20 mg/deciliter
Glucose- 64-128 mg/ deciliter
Creatinine- 0.8-1.4 mg/ deciliter
Serum chloride- 101-111 millimole/L
Serum potassium- 3.7-5.2 milliequivalents/L
Serum sodium- 136-144 milliequivalents /L
Carbon dioxide- 20-29 millimole /L
Abnormal basic metabolic panel results mean that a person has several medical conditions such as kidney malfunction, diabetes or breathing problems. There are very few risks involved in taking blood for testing. The size of veins and arteries vary from person to person. Taking blood from some individuals might be more difficult than taking it from others. This is a set of 7-8 blood tests that is simpler than the comprehensive metabolic panel. Metabolism basically refers to any process in the body that uses up energy. People should get their blood tested at least one time per year during their physical examination to avoid problems.
You need to see the complete metabolic panel chart before getting tested so as to be prepared. The tests cost anywhere between 80 and 150 dollars but the price ranges from one place to the other. Patients above the age of 40 should get checked more frequently than younger patients because they are in the risk group. You can interpret the report for yourself using the complete metabolic panel chart but that is not necessary. You can just ask a doctor to clarify the metabolic panel results for you. This is preferable because if any abnormalities are noted by the doctor, they will conduct further tests. A health practitioner is in a better position to diagnose any condition you might have
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